Economics Multiple Choice Question – 2 November 2017

The home of multiple choice questions for all your KS3, KS4 and KS5 Business Studies, Economics and Accounting requirements.

Economics

The workers in a factory currently earn £240 for a 40 hour week. The management offers them a choice between either a straight 10% wage increase or an increase in the weekly wage to £260 along with a reduction in hours from 40 to 39 hours.

Disregarding the value of leisure time, what is the opportunity cost to each worker of opting for the 39 hour week?

Select ONE answer:

  1. £4.00
  2. £6.00
  3. £20.00
  4. £24.00
  5. £30.00

Show your workings to arrive at your answer, and explain and justify your reasons?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

This is multiple choice question is suitable for Economics KS5 classes.

The answer is 1 – Opportunity Cost is a key concept in economics and its principle applies to many areas of economic activity. Here it’s applied to wages. As in this question, you will often need to make simple calculations so a calculator might be handy.  Option one is an increase of 10% of 240 pounds = 24 pounds. To get this what does the worker have to give up, that is, the opportunity cost? The pay increase if the extra leisure hour is taken is 260-240 pounds = 20 pounds per week. So the lost income through opting for the extra leisure hour is 4 pounds, the opportunity cost. Checking the other options you can see that both 3 and 4 are plausible but wrong answers because both figured in our calculations. To be good at MCQs you have to think with precision!

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Author: stuart001uk2014

Referral marketing, business, economics and accounting s​pecialist & corporate mentor

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